Which forest is the most biodiverse in the world why?
Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.
Which forest is rich in biodiversity?
Tropical, temperate and boreal forests offer a diverse set of habitats for plants, animals and micro-organisms. Consequently forests hold the majority of the world’s terrestrial species.
Which is the most biodiverse region in the world and why?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
Why is the rainforest so biodiverse?
Explanation: The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.
Do forests contain the most biodiversity?
Forests are the most diverse ecosystems on land, because they hold the vast majority of the world’s terrestrial species. Some rain forests are among the oldest ecosystems on Earth. … We are losing 12 million hectares of forest a year, much of it tropical rainforest with its unique and rich biodiversity.
Why is biodiversity in woodland important?
Our whole society and agricultural system relies on the biodiversity of pollinators, soil organisms, natural predators of crop pests and many more. Trees and woodland ecosystems in particular provide clean air, offer protection from flooding, and store carbon – vital if we’re to prevent catastrophic climate breakdown.