Why is there more biodiversity near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Does biodiversity increase or decrease as we move from the poles to the equator?
“Species diversity decreases as we move away from the equator towards the poles. … This results in decrease in biodiversity towards the poles.
Where is greater biodiversity found?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why does biodiversity increase towards the tropics?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Does biodiversity increase with increasing precipitation?
According to the study, plant diversity is expected to increase where it becomes wetter. This is probably because the seeds of the species found there may have a better chance of germinating and becoming established.
Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?
Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.
Which ecosystem has more biodiversity?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Why species diversity increases as you move geographically from the polar regions to the equator?
Why does species diversity increase as you move geographically from the polar regions to the equator? The warmer climate around the equator provides a greater abundance of resources, more solar energy, and warmer temperatures that allow for longer growing seasons and more ectothermic species.
What is the effect on biodiversity when we move from pole to equator Mcq?
Explanation: The latitudinal gradient has the most well-known pattern in diversity having many groups of animals and plants. A decrease in diversity of species is observed while moving from the equator towards the poles.
What decreases when one moves away from the equator?
When we move ‘away from the equator’ and towards the poles there is a lesser impact of the sunlight and the temperature of the earth starts to decrease and it becomes colder. The temperature is at the minimum toward the poles because of lack of ‘direct sunlight’.
What happens as we move away from the equator?
Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. This is due to the curved surface of the earth.
What increases biodiversity?
As a general rule, increasing biodiversity can be achieved by diversifying the range of habitats or vegetation structures available at a site. This can be achieved by, for example, varying mowing regimes, planting or seeding with native tree and shrub species, or occasional soil disturbance.
How does biodiversity increase the stability of an ecosystem?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
How does biodiversity affect sustainability?
The higher the biodiversity of an ecosystem, the more sustainable it is. Conversely, lower biodiversity equals less sustainability. … The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem.