Does farming increase biodiversity?
Farmers can maintain or increase biodiversity in agricultural landscapes by planting their crops in smaller fields. For example, instead of planting two large fields, they could plant eight small fields, keeping the same total amount of land in production.
How does food production affect biodiversity?
As food production needs continue to increase, more land is converted to agriculture. This stresses ecosystems and limits land available for biodiversity preservation, so much so that land conversion to agriculture is thought to threaten wildlife and biodiversity to a degree that is on par with climate change.
How can farming increase biodiversity?
Crop diversity, crop rotations, intercropping, cover cropping, conservation tillage and incorporation of organic matter are all important components of farm biodiversity. Diverse crop rotations improve soil, increase farm biodiversity and boost crop yields.
What is the main threat to biodiversity?
Five main threats to biodiversity are commonly recognized in the programmes of work of the Convention: invasive alien species, climate change, nutrient loading and pollution, habitat change, and overexploitation.