How does surface area affect climate?
With a smaller surface area compared to volume, organisms can retain more heat in cold climates. … We found that there was a correlation between surface area and temperature; it is a small, but statistically significant correlation (adj. R2=0.0167). This means that as temperature increased, the SAVR also increased.
How does surface water affect climate?
Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds. … Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.
How does Earth’s surface affect weather?
Since the center of the Earth gets more sunlight, it is consistently hotter than other parts of the Earth. When air is hot, it rises. It creates low-pressure areas that draw air from other areas in, creating wind. This heating and cooling of the air on Earth causes all the climate and weather patterns we know.
How does land affect climate and weather?
Fires in forests, grasslands, shrublands, and agricultural lands affect climate in two ways: 1) transporting carbon from the land to the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and 2) increasing the concentration of small particles (aerosols) in the atmosphere that tend to reduce the amount …
What are the three most important geographical effects of climate in any area?
The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.
What are the factors that affect the climate change?
What causes the Earth’s climate to change? Geological records show that there have been a number of large variations in the Earth’s climate. These have been caused by many natural factors, including changes in the sun, emissions from volcanoes, variations in Earth’s orbit and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2).
How does topography affect the climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.
What causes Earth’s surface to heat up?
The heat source for our planet is the sun. Energy from the sun is transferred through space and through the earth’s atmosphere to the earth’s surface. Since this energy warms the earth’s surface and atmosphere, some of it is or becomes heat energy.