How municipal waste is treated?
The most common municipal waste management practices include: recycling/recovery, composting, incineration and land filling/open dumping. The operations strategy is a very important tool in the solid waste management practices and processes (Peters, 1984).
Which Waste management processes are used in Mumbai city?
Management of MSW consists of several important steps, mainly segregation and storage of waste at source, primary collection, street sweeping, secondary storage, transportation, treatment, recycling and final disposal of waste (Chatri & Aziz, 2012: 19).
How is garbage disposed in Mumbai?
The BMC claims to have cut down the 9,400 metric tonnes of garbage generated per day in the city in 2017-18, to 6,500 to 6,800 metric tonnes. Of this, 25 per cent of garbage is disposed of at the Deonar dumping ground while the remaining 75 per cent is dumped at the Kanjurmarg dumping ground.
Mumbai is lucky, its pollution is absorbed by the national park and the Aarey colony in the city, but the sea bears the brunt of sewage disposal from the city. The beaches are filthy, trenched with garbage of all kinds, ranging from plastic to fecal matter.
What is municipal wastewater?
Municipal wastewater is defined as wastewater from households or a mixture of wastewater from households and of industrial origin as well as precipitation water. … It is comparatively easy to almost completely break down these pollutants with the help of micro organisms used in wastewater treatment plants.
What does municipal solid waste rules state?
The rules mandate that all resident welfare and market associations and gated communities with an area of above 5,000 sq m will have to segregate waste at source into material like plastic, tin, glass, paper and others and hand over recyclable material either to authorised waste-pickers and recyclers or to the urban …
Where does Mumbai garbage go?
Mumbai generates 7,000-7,500 metric tonnes of solid waste every day. Since the closure of Mulund dumping ground in 2018, the city only has two functional dumping sites — Deonar and Kanjurmarg.
How much solid waste is generated in Mumbai?
Mumbai generates waste to the tune of approximately 7,025tonnes per day. The waste consists of: • 5,025tonnes of mixed waste (bio-degradable and recyclable) • 2,000tonnes of debris and silt.
Where does all the garbage go in India?
But in many cities of India, the waste that is generated is just recklessly dumped in most cases, some is dumped on the streets and some is dumped in landfills that are not properly managed and this ends up polluting the air, soil, and underground water.
Why is waste a challenge in Mumbai?
The major problem in Mumbai is the growth of squatter settlements known in India as SLUMS. … At the edge of Dharavi the newest arrivals come to make their homes on waste land next to water pipes in slum areas. They set up home illegally amongst waste on land that is not suitable for habitation.