Which country is a biodiversity hotspot?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
What are the 3 biodiversity hotspots?
Here’s a look at 6 biodiversity hotspots of India
- Indo-Burma region. …
- Western Ghats. …
- Sundaland. …
What is Nepal biodiversity?
Nepalese rangelands have high biodiversity and are estimated to cover nearly 12% of the country’s total area, providing habitat for various flowering plants, including endemic species and wildlife as well as globally threatened species. … About 21% of the total land area of Nepal is used for agriculture.
What kind of diversity is found in Nepal?
Species diversity, particularly beta diversity, is very high in Nepal. The country occupies about 0.1 percent of global area, but harbors 3.2 percent and 1.1 percent of the world’s known flora and fauna, respectively. Diversity of birds, bryophytes, mammals, and butterflies is especially high.
What do you mean by biodiversity is Nepal rich in biodiversity?
Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains, high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also. … It is recorded that Nepal has a total of 118 types of ecosystem, 75 types of vegetation and 35 types of forests.
Which type of ecosystem is not found in Nepal?
Ecosystem of sea and desert is not available in Nepal. Trees like pine, fir, deodar, bhojpatra, talispatra, rhododendren, gobre salla, thingre salla, etc are found. Trees like sal, simal, sissau, oak, khayer, bamboo, katus, chilaune, etc are found.
Why is New Zealand a biodiversity hotspot?
New Zealand is an internationally recognised world ‘hotspot’ for biodiversity. This high endemism is largely the result of our long isolation from other land masses and diverse geography and climate, allowing unique flora and fauna to develop. … New Zealand relies on the maintenance of healthy ecosystem services.
Which country has the lowest biodiversity?
This is causing species around the planet to decline at a concerning speed. A new analysis looking into how much biodiversity is left in different countries around the world has shown that the UK has some of the lowest amounts of biodiversity remaining.