Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.
How does biodiversity help with ecosystem productivity?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.
What is the general trend between productivity and biodiversity?
In forests, trait and phylogenetic diversity typically increase with productivity, while in grasslands, relationships shift from unimodal to declining with greater land-use intensity.
A positive relationship between diversity and productivity could arise through causal mechanisms such as facilitation or complementary resource use (6, 7). … More diverse plant communities have a higher chance of including a highly productive species that dominates the community (3, 4, 7).
WORDS RELATED TO ECOSYSTEM
- coniferous forest.
- deciduous forest.
Genetic Biodiversity refers to the variety of genetic characteristics involved in the genetic makeup of a species, it is the diversity within the species which acts as the major reason for the distinguishing characteristic expressed by each individual.
Explanation: Biodiversity is a measurement of how many different types of organisms are found in an ecosystem. The higher the biodiversity means that the ecosystem can sustain (maintain) many different types of producers, consumers, and decomposers. This generally means that the area is healthy.
Does biodiversity increase productivity?
Using data from more than 400 published experiments, an international research team has found overwhelming evidence that biodiversity in the plant kingdom is very efficient in assimilating nutrients and solar energy, resulting in greater production of biomass. …
It has been shown that biodiversity of an area has a large impact on the ecosystem stability of that area. … This increase in complexity makes it more likely that the ecosystem will return to a stable state after a disturbance, because the ecosystem has more ways to respond to a disturbance and fix problems.
What is productivity in an ecosystem?
In ecology, the term productivity refers to the rate of generation of biomass in an ecosystem, usually expressed in units of mass per volume (unit surface) per unit of time, such as grams per square metre per day (g m−2 d−1). The unit of mass can relate to dry matter or to the mass of generated carbon.
Increasing the number of species initially present in a system can result in complementarity in resource use, if different species use different resources. In this case, the productivity of an assemblage of species will be greater than the productivity of any single species.
Why diverse ecosystem are more productive?
In addition to diverse ecosystems increasing productivity, the scientists found that such ecosystems more efficiently capture light and nutrients. Laboratory studies have also shown that diverse algae communities sequester carbon and produce oxygen twice as quickly as a single-species algae community.