What are the types of environmental impact assessment?
EIA can be climate impact assessment, demographic impact assessment, development impact assessment, ecological impact assessment, economic and fiscal impact assessment, health impact assessment, risk assessment, social impact assessment, strategic impact assessment, technology assessment.
What is the main aim of EIA?
The purpose of the EIA process is to inform decision-makers and the public of the environmental consequences of implementing a proposed project. The EIA document itself is a technical tool that identifies, predicts, and analyzes impacts on the physical environment, as well as social, cultural, and health impacts.
What are the key elements of environmental impact assessment?
The essential steps in conducting an EIA are screening, scoping, assessment and evaluation of impacts and development of alternatives, reporting of the environmental impact statement (EIS) or EIA, review of the EIS, decision-making on whether or not to approve the project, and under what conditions, and monitoring, …
What is an environmental assessment?
Environmental assessment (EA) is the assessment of the environmental consequences of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. … It is a tool of environmental management forming a part of project approval and decision-making.
What is environmental impact assessment in South Africa?
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a tool to aid environmental decision making . It is a process that allows for public involvement when positive and negative impacts (opportunities and constraints) that are associated with a proposed course of action are assessed .
What is a basic assessment report?
A Basic Assessment Report is a more concise analysis of the environmental impacts of the proposed activity than a Scoping and EIA Report. … The Basic Assessment Report must provide the Competent Authority with sufficient information to consider the Application and to reach a decision.
What is the difference between EIA and EIS?
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process for anticipating the effects on the environment caused by a development. An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is the document produced as a result of that process.
Why is EIA required?
It enables monitoring programmes to be established to assess future impacts and provide data on which managers can take informed decisions to avoid environmental damage. EIA is a management tool for planners and decision makers and complements other project studies on engineering and economics.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of EIA?
Strengths & Weaknesses of EIA
- Strength: Boosts Efficiency of Project. EIA helps the overall efficiency of the project. …
- Strength: Versatile Application Range. …
- Strength: Improves Public Relations. …
- Weakness: Relies on Technical Inputs. …
- Weakness: Costly Time Delays. …
- Weakness: Requires Preparation and Follow-Up.