What are some characteristics of the humid equatorial climate?
The humid tropical climate features thick vegetation that grows in two layers. The canopy, or top layer, contains trees that grow to staggering heights, as high as 250 feet or more. Thick vines grow into the canopy. The next layer comprises smaller trees, vines, palms, orchids and ferns.
What are the characteristics of equatorial rainforest?
Characteristics of tropical rainforests
- Very wet with over 2,000 mm of rainfall per year.
- Very warm with an average daily temperature of 28°C. The temperature never drops below 20°C and rarely exceeds 35°C.
- The atmosphere is hot and humid .
- The climate is consistent all year round. There are no seasons.
What are the characteristics of the natural vegetation of equatorial climate region?
High temperature and abundant rainfall in the equatorial regions support a luxuriant type of vegetation-the tropical rain forest. In the Amazon lowlands, the forest is so dense and so complete in its vegetational extravagance that a special term ‘selvas’ is used.
What are the three characteristics of climate?
The simplest way to describe climate is to look at average temperature and precipitation over time. Other useful elements for describing climate include the type and the timing of precipitation, amount of sunshine, average wind speeds and directions, number of days above freezing, weather extremes, and local geography.
What are the five characteristics of climate?
Global climates are often divided into five types: tropical, dry, temperate, cold and polar. These climate divisions take a variety of factors into consideration, including altitude, pressure, wind patterns, latitude and geographical characteristics, such as mountains and oceans.