What are examples of marine biodiversity?
For example, macroalgae, seagrass and corals form large undersea forests, meadows or reefs that provide habitats for many other species such as molluscs, crustaceans and fish.
What is the importance of marine biodiversity?
Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation.
What is the full meaning of biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What are examples of biodiversity?
Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
Why are oceans marine relevant?
2. Oceans are an important source of food. They host 80 percent of the planet’s biodiversity, and are the largest ecosystem on Earth. … Only ten species provide about 30 percent of marine capture fisheries and ten species provide about 50 percent of aquaculture production.
Where is most marine biodiversity found?
The ocean contains a wealth of biodiversity, and most of this diversity lives in the sunlit area called the euphotic zone (see Distribution of Life, page 45, for more information).
What is biodiversity short note?
Biodiversity is the variability of living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic habitats, and the ecological complexes to which they belong ; this involves the variety of species, species and ecosystems.The significance of this concept is that the many aspects of biodiversity are …
What is biodiversity class 9?
Answer: Biodiversity is a place where all the living organisms live interacting with the lithosphere land hyrosphere and atmosters.
What is the best definition of the term biodiversity?
The term “biodiversity” refers to the variety of living organisms. Biodiversity brings together the different species and forms of life (animal, plant, entomological and other) and their variability, that is to say, their dynamics of evolution in their ecosystems.