What is the status of biodiversity in India?
India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.
What is the status of India’s biodiversity in comparison with the world?
India is one of the world’s ‘mega diversity’ countries. It is ranked ninth in the world in terms of higher plant species richness. At the ecosystem level, India is also well-endowed, with ten distinct biogeographic zones.
What is the position of India in the mega biodiversity countries in the world?
India is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000 plant species, India occupies the tenth place in the wprld and fourth place in Asia in plant diversity. There are about 15,000 flowering plants in India which account for 6 per cent of the world’s total number of flowering plants.
Why India is called biodiversity?
India is called a mega diversity center because of the large number and the variety of organisms are found in this country. … These ecosystems are populated by organisms which are endemic to the Indian subcontinent such as the Asiatic lion, the Kashmir stag, the Black buck, etc.
Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?
Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.
What do you know about India as a country with great biodiversity?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
How much of the world’s biodiversity is in India?
India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
Why India Is mega diversity nation?
India is known for its rich heritage of Biological diversity, having already documented over 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographic regions. … India a mega diversity country with only 2.4% of the land area of the world, but accounts for 7.8% of the recorded species of the world.
Is the 12 mega biodiversity country in the world?
LIST OF MEGADIVERSE COUNTRIES. … Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
Which country has more than 5 of the world’s biodiversity?
In terms of percentages, Papua New Guinea comprises less than one percent of the earth’s land, yet it hosts five percent of the world’s different forms of plant and animal life. Its biodiversity is a confluence of the neighboring countries of Indonesia, New Zealand, and Australia.