Why are coasts important habitats?
Coastal habitats are some of our most naturally dynamic ecosystems and are important places for people and wildlife. They support valuable ecosystem services such as recreation, coastal defence and climate regulation, valued at £48 billion (UK NEA).
What are the benefits of coastal areas?
Coastal Regions: Benefits and Challenges
Coastal areas help prevent erosion; filter pollutants; and provide food, shelter, breeding areas, and nursery grounds for a wide variety of organisms.
Is coastal environment important?
Importance of Coastal Waters
As the interface between terrestrial environments and open oceans, coastal waters encompass many unique habitats and serve important human needs. … They also provide habitat for many other organisms such as marine mammals, corals, sea turtles, and submerged aquatic vegetation.
Why are coasts so important?
Coasts are important for many different reasons and for different groups of people. They provide: places to work, eg fishing, ports and power stations. places to relax – leisure and tourism industries.
Why are coasts important for the UK?
Britain has the best potential resources in the world for wind, tidal and wave power. … There are currently enough offshore sites in the building or planning stages to supply 7% of our electricity needs in the UK. The coast is also home to the nuclear power industry, an important source of carbon free electricity.
Why are coasts important economically?
Coastal areas are important economically: Many coastal areas rely on ports for effective transport links. Railway lines are often built along the flat land at the coastline. Industry is also often based in coastal areas.
Why is coastal tourism important?
On the other hand, sustainable development of coastal tourism has the potential to create beneficial effects on the environment by raising awareness of environmental values, contributing to environmental protection and conservation, thus resulting in an increase in their economic importance . …
What are Coasts used for?
Land uses in coastal areas include tourism, industry, fishing, trade and transport. There are many different groups of people who have an interest in how coastal areas are managed.
Why are coastal waters important to local and state economies?
Oceans have a tremendous impact on the nation’s economy: … U.S. maritime transport carries 95% of the nation’s foreign trade. Ships move 2 billion tons of freight in and out of U.S. ports. Coastal & marine waters support more than 28 million jobs.