Why is biodiversity important for food?

How does biodiversity affect food?

“Less biodiversity means that plants and animals are more vulnerable to pests and diseases. Compounded by our reliance on fewer and fewer species to feed ourselves, the increasing loss of biodiversity for food and agriculture puts food security and nutrition at risk,” added Graziano da Silva.

What is the importance of agricultural biodiversity?

Crop diversity, in both space and time, can enhance nutrient use efficiency, and a diverse soil community may regulate tighter nutrient cycling, reduce pests and diseases, and improve soil structure (e.g., Brussaard et al., 2007).

Why is biodiversity of food crops and animals important?

Biodiversity, food and nutrition interact on a number of key issues. It contributes directly to food security, nutrition and well-being by providing a variety of plant and animals from domesticated and wild sources. … Finally, genetic diversity of plant’s genetic sources is the basis of crop improvement.

Why is biodiversity important to humans?

Biodiversity supports human and societal needs, including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals and freshwater, which together underpin good health. It also supports economic opportunities, and leisure activities that contribute to overall wellbeing.

Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.

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