Why is Nepal so rich in the ecosystem?

What makes an ecosystem rich?

Species richness is the number of different species an ecosystem. Environments that can support large numbers of species, such as tropical areas, tend to have greater species richness.

What ecosystem is most rich?

Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.

What is the ecosystem of Nepal?

The latest physiographic data indicates that Nepal harbours 29% forest area, 10.6% shrubland and degraded forest, 12% grassland, 21% farmland, 2.6% water body, and 7% of uncultivated inclusions. The country is part of a biodiversity hotspot and lies at a transition zone comprised of six floristic regions.

Which region is more rich in species?

Tropical rainforests are the richest habitat of all, tropical grasslands exhibit more diversity than temperate grasslands, and deserts in tropical or subtropical regions are populated by a wider range of species than are temperate deserts.

What is the most diverse ecosystem in the world?

Keeping ecosystems healthy

Tropical forests are some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth. They are home to millions of well-known species, and millions more that are still undiscovered.

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Which country is richest in biodiversity?

5 of the Most Biodiverse Countries in the World

  1. Brazil. Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home. …
  2. China. …
  3. Peru. …
  4. Mexico. …
  5. Ecuador.

What is the main reason for ecological diversity in Nepal?

Nepal’s unique geography with its dramatic changes in elevation along the relatively short north- south span and the associated high variability in eco-climatic conditions has resulted in a uniquely rich diversity of flora and fauna in the country.

Which ecosystem are not found in Nepal?

Desert ecosystem is not found in Nepal.

How many ecosystem are found in Terai region of Nepal?

The low-lying southern plains, or the Tarai region, uniquely feature Terai-Duar Savannas and grasslands of WWF’s Global 200 ecoregions, three Ramsar sites and World Heritage sites. The Tarai region is both an economically and ecologically important region.