How does water and air affect weather?
As air passes over the water, the air is cooled and keeps temperatures on land cooler. … The water has slowly warmed during the summer, and now it warms the air passing over it, which warms the land around it. This cycle of warming and cooling the air isn’t the only way water affects our weather.
What interactions influence weather and climate?
Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.
How does land affect climate and weather?
Fires in forests, grasslands, shrublands, and agricultural lands affect climate in two ways: 1) transporting carbon from the land to the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and 2) increasing the concentration of small particles (aerosols) in the atmosphere that tend to reduce the amount …
What roles do the wind and water play in the making of the weather?
Prevailing winds bring air from one type of climate to another. For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.
How does air pressure influence weather?
Atmospheric pressure is an indicator of weather. When a low-pressure system moves into an area, it usually leads to cloudiness, wind, and precipitation. High-pressure systems usually lead to fair, calm weather.
How do landforms affect weather?
An increase in the elevation, or altitude, of a land mass also makes for a cooler climate. Increases in altitude mean thinner air, which makes the atmosphere less able to absorb and retain heat. … Surface properties of land masses play a role in how land and climate influence each other.
How does air Properties influence weather?
The differences in the temperature, pressure, density and moisture content of the air masses makes one front slide over the other one, which can affect weather patterns by creating cloudy skies, thunderstorms and gusty winds.
How does climate vary around the world according to latitude and interactions between land and water?
There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles. There are variations, though, as other factors such as elevation, ocean currents, and precipitation affect climate patterns.