What is the role of climate in crop production?
Higher nighttime temperatures may increase respiration at night causing declines in yield (e.g. rice) and flowering or reproduction (e.g. beans). Most crops can tolerate higher daytime temperatures during vegetative growth, with photosynthesis reaching an optimum at between 20°C and 30°C (Wahid et al., 2007).
What is the importance of weather and climate in agriculture?
Most field crops are dependent solely upon weather to provide life‐sustaining water and energy. Livestock are also dependent upon weather for their comfort and food supplies. Occasionally, adverse weather conditions can cause production losses, especially if experienced during critical stages of growth.
How does climate help agriculture?
Farming in a hotter climate
The length of the growing season, typical average temperatures, and the timing and severity of hot and cold spells all work together to determine what crops can be grown. … Temperature changes don’t just affect crops. Hot temperatures also reduce weight gain and milk production in cattle.
How does climate affect food production?
Climate change is affecting the quality and seasonal availability of many foods in Australia. … Many foods produced by plants growing at elevated CO2 have reduced protein and mineral concentrations, reducing their nutritional value.
What is the importance of knowing the specific climate type in an area for crop production?
By knowing the relationships among climate, technology and decision making, we can obtain more accurate estimates of the adaptation potential, limitations and costs, and ultimately shift crop production systems to more climate-smart one (Lipper et al., 2014).
How does climate change affect farming and agriculture?
Continued changes in the frequency and intensity of precipitation, heat waves, and other extreme events are likely, all which will impact agricultural production. Furthermore, compounded climate factors can decrease plant productivity, resulting in price increases for many important agricultural crops.
What is the importance of weather and climate?
Climatology and Weather Forecasting is important since it helps determine future climate expectations. Through the use of latitude, one can determine the likelihood of snow and hail reaching the surface. You can also be able to identify the thermal energy from the sun that is accessible to a region.
What are climate resilient crops?
Climate-resilient crops provide means of adapting diminishing crop yields in the face of droughts, higher average temperatures and other climatic conditions associated with climate change which mainly cover the abiotic stress factors, but not biotic stress factors.