How can we say that India is one of the major biodiversity is of the world?
India is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. It has about 47,000 plant species. It stands at the tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. It has 89,000 species of animals as well as a rich variety of fish.
How can you say that India is a biodiversity country?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
Why does India have a lot of biodiversity?
This diversity can be attributed to the vast variety of landforms and climates resulting in habitats ranging from tropical to temperate, and from alpine to desert. The number of plant species in India is estimated to be over 45,523 representing about 11.8 per cent of the world’s flora.
What is biodiversity and why does it matter to us?
The biodiversity of plants, animals and other living things greatly impacts a habitat’s ability to thrive. Typically, the more variety found in the habitat, the better productivity within that habitat, or ecosystem. And thriving ecosystems are very important to us as humans.
How can you say that India is rich in its fauna explain in brief?
India is a vast country with variety of life forms. The various climatic and relief factors have contributed to its biodiversity. (i) India has about 90,000 species of animals, k includes elephants, rhinoceros wild ass, camel, yak, bisons, antelope, leopand etc. … Thus, we can conclude that India is rich in its fauna.
What is biodiversity explain the biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity is the variety and differences among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part. … The Thar desert and the Himalayas are two regions rich in biodiversity in India.
What is biodiversity write a note on biodiversity in India?
India is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of its vast array of biological diversity. India has nearly 8 percent of the total number of species in the world which is estimated to be 1.6 million. … Over 81,000 species of fauna (animals) and 47,000 species of flora (plants) are faund in India.
What do you know about India as a country with great biodiversity?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
How does biodiversity vary in India?
Because of its vast size and location, India has a varied bio-diversity. Ranging from flora and fauna that thrive in the tropics, it has those which survive in sub-zero temperatures, in the northern regions. The Biological Diversity Act of 2002 was passed by the Indian Parliament.
What is biodiversity Why is India called a land of rich biodiversity?
It has 89,000 species of animals as well as a rich variety of fish. It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.