How does topography affect the climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.
How does vegetation affect the climate?
Vegetation can affect climate and weather by the release of water vapor into the air during photosynthesis. The vapor alters surface energy flows and potentially leads to cloud formation. … The researchers found that substantial vegetation-precipitation feedback loops often occur in semi-arid or monsoonal regions.
How does topography affect climate quizlet?
Differing topography may influence other climate factors to create a wet or dry, cool or warm climate. Before an air mass goes over a mountain, it will cool down and release its moisture. … When prevailing winds blow over land areas it can contribute to creating desert climates.
Is topography a climatic factor?
Climatic factors (precipitation, temperature, evapotranspiration potential) and topography (elevation, aspect, slope, and compound topographic Index) were considered effective forces on NDVI variations.
What is the impact of topography?
The topographic effect is the variation in radiance from an inclined surface compared to the radiance from a horizontal surface as a function of the surface orientation relative to the light source and sensor position.
How does topography and climate of a place affects population of a place?
Rugged and undulating topography restricts the condensation of human population in any area. Abrupt changes in the density of population can be seen on the world map of population distribution where plains meet mountain ranges. Rising Himalayas, thus, mark the northern limit of dense population in the Ganga plain.
What are the two ways that vegetation affects climate?
Plants also help keep our climate stable over time by offsetting temperature and moisture fluctuations through transpiration. Plants also use carbon dioxide during photosynthesis, which slightly offsets the amount of greenhouse gas being released in the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels.
How does vegetation influence South African climate?
The vegetation growth over these regions may be due to increasing carbon dioxide sequestered by the vegetation (e.g. tropical forest) which enhances their growth. It could also be because of the likely increase in summer rainfall over east coasts of South Africa (Mackellar et al., 2014).
How does vegetation help the environment?
Vegetation helps to slow water movement, reducing soil erosion, which leads to less pollutants getting into our waterways. … Well-established vegetation slows water movement across the soil surface, which both reduces erosion and allows for more of the water to soak in.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
Which topographical feature affects the climate of an area quizlet?
Topographic features such as mountains play an important role in the amount of precipitation that falls over an area. Large bodies of water such as lakes and oceans have an important effect on the temperature of an area. Global winds are another factor that influences climate because they distribute heat and moisture.
What is the most important influential factor on climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.
How does topography affect wind?
The direction and speed of the wind can be greatly affected by topography. Ridges and mountains are barriers to the horizontal movement of air. The wind is deflected over them adding to the local up-slope convective winds from the surface heating by the sun. … Winds will also be gusty and spotting is more likely.
What is the most important climatic factor affecting the distribution of plant species?
temperature is the main factor as all other climatic factor are affected/determined by temperature itself in some or other way.