How does topography affect the weather?
Topography has a significant influence on weather. Temperatures and precipitation are influenced by varied terrain. Temperatures generally decrease with height, thus the higher elevation regions tend to be cooler. However, in particular weather situations the temperatures can be cooler at the lower elevations.
How can regional geography influence local climates?
An area’s latitude on the surface of the Earth (location in terms of north and south) also affects the weather, because it changes the intensity of the sun’s light that the area receives. This has a direct effect on the temperature.
What is the impact of topography?
The topographic effect is the variation in radiance from an inclined surface compared to the radiance from a horizontal surface as a function of the surface orientation relative to the light source and sensor position.
How does topography affect climate quizlet?
Differing topography may influence other climate factors to create a wet or dry, cool or warm climate. Before an air mass goes over a mountain, it will cool down and release its moisture. … When prevailing winds blow over land areas it can contribute to creating desert climates.
How does topography and climate of a place affects population of a place?
Rugged and undulating topography restricts the condensation of human population in any area. Abrupt changes in the density of population can be seen on the world map of population distribution where plains meet mountain ranges. Rising Himalayas, thus, mark the northern limit of dense population in the Ganga plain.
How does topography affect economic activities?
Topographical relief is a key factor that limits population distribution and economic development in mountainous areas. … There is a positive correlation between relief degree and elevation, and a much stronger correlation between relief degree and slope.
How does topography affect climate at continental and local scales?
Land: Climate and Temperature. The topography of an area also helps determine the climate. This is because of ocean currents that carry masses of warm or cool air to coastal locations. … Areas near oceans and large lakes have smaller temperature ranges than landlocked, or continental, areas.
How does topography affect climate windward side?
Topography Affects Rain and Snowfall
Topographic barriers such as mountains and hills force prevailing winds up and over their slopes. As air rises, it also cools. … As air cools, this water vapor is forced to condense, depositing rain or snow on windward slopes.
How does topography affect wind?
The direction and speed of the wind can be greatly affected by topography. Ridges and mountains are barriers to the horizontal movement of air. The wind is deflected over them adding to the local up-slope convective winds from the surface heating by the sun. … Winds will also be gusty and spotting is more likely.