Defining Biodiversity and Evolution:
Biodiversity is the abundance and variety of life on the planet. It involves the different species and the different ecosystems those species live in. Evolution is the process of genetic change and the emergence of new species based on accumulated mutations and natural selection.
Why is biodiversity so important?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. … A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
What is ecology biodiversity and evolution?
Biodiversity, Evolution and Ecology is a specialization in the Master’s Programme in Biology. … The programme covers themes that range from the biology of single organisms to biogeographical patterns, and you can immerse yourself in both theoretical and applied research.
How biodiversity contributes to the sustainability of an ecosystem and evolution?
The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem. A great variety of genes and species means that the ecosystem is better able to carry out natural processes in the face of external stress. Thus, the ecosystem is more sustainable.
What is the importance of biodiversity to researchers?
One reason scientists often give to increase the number and size of protected areas of the world is the importance of keeping the biodiversity they contain for the future: New medicines may not be discovered, or extinctions may happen, if no actions are taken to preserve species and their habitat.
Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.
How does biodiversity and evolution affect the earth and human?
Humans affect biodiversity by their population numbers, use of land, and their lifestyles, causing damage to habitats for species. … Biodiversity is the term that is given to describe the variety of life on earth and the natural patterns it forms. It is the result of evolution, natural processes, and human influence.