What are the health and environmental effects of solid waste?
Municipal Solid Waste Management activities have a potential to cause air, water, land and noise pollution besides affecting aesthetics and creating health hazard which again has a potential to cause disease or infirmity.
What are the health effects of solid waste?
Skin and blood infections resulting from direct contact with waste, and from infected wounds. Eye and respiratory infections resulting from exposure to infected dust, especially during landfill operations. Different diseases that results from the bites of animals feeding on the waste.
What environmental and human health risks are associated with landfills?
Previous research shows that people living closer to landfill sites suffer from medical conditions such as asthma, cuts, diarrhoea, stomach pain, reoccurring flu, cholera, malaria, cough, skin irritation, cholera, diarrhoea and tuberculosis more than the people living far away from landfill sites [31,32,33,34,35,36].
What are the diseases caused by waste?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis viruses spearhead an extensive list of infections and diseases documented to have spread through bio-medical waste. Tuberculosis, pneumonia, diarrhoea, tetanus, whooping cough etc. are other common diseases spread due to improper waste management.