What is biodiversity under environmental law?
Biodiversity and Biological Resource
Biodiversity has been defined under Section 2(b) of the Act as “the variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecological complexes of which they are part, and includes diversity within species or between species and of eco-systems”.
What is environmental biodiversity?
Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is the multitude of living things that make up life on Earth. It encompasses the 8 million or so species on the planet—from plants and animals to fungi and bacteria—and the ecosystems that house them such as oceans, forests, mountain environments and coral reefs.
What is biodiversity in law?
India: The Biodiversity Act Of India: An Introduction. … The BD Act requires that a person/entity obtain prior approval from the NBA to: Access biological resources or traditional knowledge associated with it for the purposes of research, bio-survey, bio-utilisation or commercial utilization.
What is biodiversity environmental studies?
Biodiversity is also defined as the existence of variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between species, and within and between ecosystems. …
What is biodiversity by Drishti IAS?
Biodiversity is defined as the variability among living organisms. Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms namely Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What is biodiversity explain the value of biodiversity?
Value of biodiversity: Biodiversity provides a variety of environmental services from its species and ecosystems that are essential at the global, regional and local levels. … For the agricultural scientist, the biodiversity is the basis for developing better crops.
What does the Biodiversity Act do?
The Biodiversity Act encourages the sustainable use of natural and indigenous resources and provides for the management and conservation of South Africa’s biodiversity through the protection of species, natural environments and ecosystems, while promoting the sustainable use of indigenous biological resources.
Why does biodiversity require legislation?
The purpose of the Biodiversity Act is to realize equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources and associated knowledge. The main objectives of the Act are conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing out of the utilization of bioresources.