What are the components of a landfill?
WHAT IS THE COMPOSITION OF A LANDFILL? There are four critical elements in a secure landfill: a bottom liner, a leachate collection system, a cover, and the natural hydrogeologic setting. The natural setting can be selected to minimize the possibility of wastes escaping to groundwater beneath a landfill.
What soil is best for lining a landfill?
Loamy or silty soils that are free of large stones and excess gravel are the best cover for a landfill. Clayey soils may be sticky and difficult to spread; sandy soils are subject to wind erosion. Slope affects the ease of excavation and of moving the cover material.
Why are landfills lined with clay?
Clay barriers are generally used as liners and capping materials for landfill sites. In each case they isolate potentially polluting wastes from the surrounding environment such that the environmental impacts attributable to a landfill are minimised.
Why is geotextile used in landfill?
A geotextile fabric, similar in appearance to felt, may be located on top of the drainage layer to provide separation of solid particles from liquid. This prevents clogging of the drainage layer. A thick plastic layer forms a cap that prevents excess precipitation from entering the landfill and forming leachate.
What do they spray on landfills?
Ecosorb Spray Gel solution is used to cap odors from escaping into the atmosphere and can be dispersed onto trucks hauling solid waste or sludge and around landfills to effectively and safely neutralize malodors, says Haupert.
How thick is a landfill liner?
The geomembrane used in the landfill liner systems must be 60 mils (0.06 inches) thick and must be made of a material (such as high density polyethylene (HDPE)) that is extremely low in permeability.
How do you remove leachate from a landfill?
There are many methods of leachate treatment  such as: Aerobic Biological Treatment such as aerated lagoons and activated sludge. Anaerobic Biological Treatment such as anaerobic lagoons, reactors. Physiochemical treatement such as air stripping, pH adjustment, chemical precipitation, oxidation, and reduction.