Why is biodiversity higher in the tropics?


Why is biodiversity rich in the tropics?

Biodiversity is not uniformly spread on Earth and is highest in tropical areas. … – Tropical latitudes produce more solar power than temperate zones, resulting in high productivity and high diversity of biodiversity. – There are fewer seasonal changes in tropical regions and they have a more or less stable climate.

Why do the tropics have a greater biodiversity than other biomes?

One idea is that tropical regions harbor greater biodiversity because they are especially fertile grounds for the formation of new species — i.e., “cradles of diversity.” Another idea is that biodiversity hotspots are less likely to lose the species they already have.

Why is biodiversity so great around the tropics equator?

Having more energy available in this area means more consumers can be supported. That the are is relatively stable in terms of environment when compared to polar regions has also been suggested as a reason for increased biodiversity at the equator. This stability has meant species are less likely to go extinct.

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What causes high biodiversity?

Ecosystems that host the most biodiversity tend to have ideal environmental conditions for plant growth, like the warm and wet climate of tropical regions. Ecosystems can also contain species too small to see with the naked eye.

Why tropical region helps in species richness?

(1) Tropical latitudes receive more solar energy than temperate regions, which leads to high productivity and high species diversity. (2) Tropical regions have less seasonal variations and have a more or less constant environment. This promotes the niche specialization and thus, high species richness.

Why tropical regions are richer in biodiversity than the temperate regions?

It is generally seen that there is more biodiversity in the tropical region than the temperate region because of a variety of factors: … The tropical forest has a stable ecosystem as well as a suitable climatic condition and favorable reproductive environment for animal and species to thrive.

Why do tropics have greater biological diversity class 12?

The vast tropical region receives the greatest amount of solar energy than any other region. So, the energy input is higher in these regions which leads to greater biodiversity and species variation.

Why are the tropics more diverse than temperate deciduous forests?

Why are the tropics more diverse than temperate deciduous forests? Ample sunlight, consistently warm temperatures and frequent, abundant precipitation — all plentiful in tropical rainforests — tend to produce highest biodiversity among ecosystems.

Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?

Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.

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What kind of climate has a high biodiversity?

Tropical rainforests are the most biodiverse habitats on Earth. They are home to a huge number of different plants, animals, fungi and other organisms.