What are the habitats of the Arctic?
Icy glaciers, the Arctic Ocean with sea ice, and tundra, or flat plains with no trees, make up the Arctic habitat. Because of the way the Earth tilts, there are days with no sunshine during the winter and days when the sun never goes down in the summer.
Where are arctic habitats located?
The Arctic habitat is a freezing cold area at the top of the Earth, above the Arctic Circle. It’s made up of the Arctic Oceans, as well as areas of the U.S., Canada, Russia, Iceland, Sweden, Finland, Norway and Greenland. It’s a diverse habitat, meaning that lots of different plants and animals live there.
What kind of plants and animals live in the Arctic tundra?
Animals found in the Arctic tundra include herbivorous mammals (lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares, and squirrels), carnivorous mammals (arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears), fish (cod, flatfish, salmon, and trout), insects (mosquitoes, flies, moths, grasshoppers, and blackflies), and birds (ravens, snow buntings …
How many species live in the Arctic ocean?
The distribution of ocean animals – mapping their changing ranges and hotspots; The diversity of species (to date: 7,500 animals in the Antarctic and 5,500 in the Arctic, of a global marine life species total estimated at 230,000-250,000); and.